This day in history | 1999 Putin takes over as Yeltsin resigns

Boris Yeltsin has resigned as Russian president, taking the country and the rest of the world completely by surprise.
Mr Yeltsin made the shock announcement live on Russian television and said Prime Minister Vladimir Putin will take over as acting president, with elections now due to take place on 26 March 2000.
“I am going. I am going earlier than my established time,” he said.
The 68-year-old had repeatedly said he would serve out his second and final term in office, which was meant to continue until June 2000.
Mr Yeltsin asked for forgiveness for what he called the errors of his administration, and said Russia needed to enter the new century with new political leaders.
He said: “I want to beg forgiveness for your dreams that never came true. And also I would like to beg forgiveness not to have justified your hopes.”
It was an unusual admission from a man who, during his eight years as president, rarely said he was wrong.
Mr Yeltsin’s time in office has been a traumatic one for Russia which, since the collapse of the Soviet Union in 1991, has had to transform itself from a state-run economy into a free-market one.
He spearheaded economic reforms that have favoured some but seen the living standards of many worsen.
In 1998 the rouble lost 70% of its value against the dollar and 29% of the population (42 million people) were living below the poverty line.
But US President Bill Clinton praised Mr Yeltsin for bringing democracy to Russia, and UK Prime Minister Tony Blair said the world was “more stable and secure” as a result of the former president’s leadership.
The briefcase which contains the codes that control Russia’s nuclear arsenal has been handed over to Mr Putin.
Once an intelligence officer with the KGB and then in 1998 head of Federal Security (the new title for the KGB), he was a little known figure until he became prime minister in August.
But with a 60% opinion poll approval rating, Mr Putin is now widely seen as Russia’s most popular politician who offers strong leadership.
Following last year’s economic crisis and his tough handling of the war in Chechnya, Mr Putin’s no-nonsense approach has appealed to many Russians. […]

Courtesy BBC News

In context

Boris Yeltsin’s presidency had become increasingly unpopular as well as unpredictable.
The country suffered from widespread corruption and enormous political and social problems.
Mr Yeltsin played a key role in bringing down the Soviet Union in 1991 but this euphoria was short lived.
By the time he left office his radical economic reforms had led to the irreversible destruction of the Soviet economic system.

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