The precarious balance Taiwanese President Tsai Ing- wen must navigate between a more assertive China and the uncertainty of American policy was in focus yesterday when she attended the opening of a new de facto U.S. embassy.
The American Institute in Taiwan’s new building, located on a leafy hillside in the Taipei suburb of Neihu, was opened by its director Kin Moy, who in the absence of official ties between the U.S. and Taiwan is the de facto American ambassador to the self-governing island. Moy will then step down in the coming weeks with no successor named to replace him, adding to the 47 other U.S. diplomatic missions around the world that currently don’t have ambassadors.
“Taiwan has no better friend than the United States,” Moy said at the dedication ceremony yesterday. “The United States is here to stay.”
But a vacant post in Taipei would add to the unpredictability Donald Trump’s administration has injected into the relationship, which for four decades has underpinned the island’s security. It’s an issue that’s come to the fore as China, which considers Taiwan part of its territory – to be united with the mainland by force if necessary – has accelerated efforts to convince the few countries that still have diplomatic ties with Taiwan to end them.
“It is the leadership there that makes a difference, not protocols,” Steve Tsang, director of SOAS China Institute in London, said of the new AIT building. “The Trump Administration has been slow to fill key posts in the State Department, which is bad for U.S. allies in East Asia, Taiwan included. This just makes it worse,” he said by email.
Chinese President Xi Jinping has frozen ties with Taipei since Tsai came to power in 2016 and refused to accept – as her predecessor had – that Taiwan is part of China under a framework for dialogue between the two sides. In recent months, Beijing has increased the pressure on Taiwan, dispatching regular military flights around the island. Last month, Burkina Faso severed official ties with Taiwan in favor of China, leaving just 18 countries around the world that recognize the government in Taipei.
Despite severing official ties with Taipei in 1979, Washington has acted as the backstop for Taiwan’s security through arms sales and a vow to intervene should China attempt to claim Taiwan by force. But the Trump presidency has added unpredictability.
In December 2016, then President-elect Trump accepted a precedence-shattering phone call from Tsai to congratulate him on his election victory, marking the highest-level contact between the two sides in almost 40 years. That call and Trump’s subsequent questioning of the U.S. policy of recognizing Taiwan and China as one country spurred tensions with Beijing.
It wasn’t until February 2017 that those tensions were assuaged when Trump reaffirmed the U.S. “one-China” policy during a phone call with Xi. Since then, the relationship between the world’s two biggest economies have focused on trade and North Korea’s nuclear weapons program.
In Taipei yesterday, Marie Royce, Assistant Secretary of State for Educational and Cultural Affairs, was the most-senior U.S. official present at the opening of the new AIT office. Debby Wu, Bloomberg