Hong Kong’s government is usually eager to play up the city’s resilience in the face of economic calamity, like the bounce-back after the Asian financial crisis and its recovery following the 2003 SARS epidemic.
It’s now settling for “less bad than before.”
A case in point is last week’s rise in an index of sentiment for small- and medium-sized enterprises, aided by a Christmas shopping season that was relatively free from violent street demonstrations.
According to an official statement, that “reflected a moderation in the pessimism of business sentiment” after more than seven months of anti-China protests that wrought destruction in shopping precincts and likely sparked the first annual recession in a decade.
No solution to the political standoff with Beijing is in view, and factors that could propel a rebound are scarce – a return to last January’s record influx of 5.5 million Mainland tourists won’t happen soon, if ever. Chances of a stabilization hang more on the city’s strengths in finance and trade, both of which mostly serve the Chinese economy.
“There will be many IPOs happening in Hong Kong this year; there’s going to be a lot of debt issuance in the credit market, the dollar market because Chinese companies need dollar funding,” said Alicia Garcia Herrero, chief economist for Asia Pacific at Natixis. Brightening sentiment among small businesses shows that “Hong Kong is so flexible,” she said.
Still, the government estimates that the economy contracted 1.3% in 2019 and economists forecast stagnation in 2020. Financial Secretary Paul Chan pledged last week to spend “boldly” in next month’s annual budget to assist those affected the most by the downturn. Previous stimulus rounds, though, have failed to impress.
The Hong Kong government is set to unveil a fresh series of relief measures “imminently” including extending a transport fare concession to those age 60 and older, from age 65 currently, Sing Tao Daily reported, according to unidentified people.
More bad news is likely in coming months, with stores shuttering as leases come up, unemployment rising and year-on-year declines showing up in tourism arrivals. Cathay Pacific Airways Ltd., the city’s flagship airline, is preparing to offer unpaid leave, the South China Morning Post reported.
If confidence among local households, businesses and external visitors is restored and firms no longer consider relocation, then we can expect to see the economy bottom out this year. If not, there could be more woes ahead.
Amid the city’s tourism woes, the financial sector’s resilience has been remarkable, with the Hong Kong Stock Exchange the top venue in the world after raising about $40.3 billion last year, according to data compiled by Bloomberg. Chinese companies accounted for almost two-thirds of the money raised. KPMG forecasts almost as many Hong Kong IPOs this year, raising as much as HKD300 billion ($38.6 billion) according to a December estimate.
Chinese investors were also net buyers of city stocks for a 10th straight month in December, again signaling the city’s role as the conduit for the Mainland. Money is flowing in the opposite direction. Offshore investors have been net buyers of mainland stocks via the exchange links with Hong Kong for all but four months since the Shenzhen link opened in December 2016.
“There are a lot of global investors that want to invest in Chinese stocks and other financial products, and they do it through Hong Kong,” said Tommy Wu, senior economist with Oxford Economics in Hong Kong. “That hasn’t changed.”
For banks like HSBC Holdings Plc and Standard Chartered Plc, analysts expect steady fundamentals in 2020 despite being occasionally dragged into the domestic standoff. There has been little sign of major capital outflows from Hong Kong and pressure has eased in recent weeks since the U.S. and China reached an initial trade agreement, according to Garcia Herrero.
In 2019, the trade war was the initial factor that started to drag down the local economy long before the protests erupted in June. That hammered the city’s port, with exports in October plunging the most since 2016.
The trade deal signing in Washington this week should cement a modestly improving outlook for global trade, a long-overdue piece of good news for Hong Kong. A cyclical recovery in Asia’s manufacturing sector appears to be underway.
“We have gone through very difficult times, but the institutional strength and core competitiveness of Hong Kong remain unchanged,” Financial Secretary Chan said in an interview last week with Bloomberg Television’s Yvonne Man. “Hong Kong is resilient.” Eric Lam & Enda Curran, Bloomberg