Photo credit: Pedro Castro Silva, 1994
The first formal border crossing between Macau and China was built in 1573. After several modifications and repairs, it finally gave way to the new gate that was erected in 1870 and is still seen in its original location.
During the 1950s and 1960s, the Border Gate was also referred to as the Far Eastern Checkpoint Charlie, with a major border incident occurring in 1952. Portuguese troops exchanged fire with Chinese border guards in an incident that caused more than 100 casualties.
This historical photo shows the Border Gate as it was in 1994, before the construction of the large immigration building.